Enhancing the Growth of Plants on Coal Waste Using a Biological Fertilizer
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Author: Peter J.Leggo
Abstract: A biofertilizer, composed of a mixture of crushed zeolitic tuff and organic waste, has been used to grow plants on coal waste. The growth experiment is reported together with control experiments to demonstrate the efficacy of the biofertilizer. Plants used were: Brassica napus, Beta vulgaris, Linum usitatissimum and Zea mays which were grown in pots under controlled greenhouse conditions. Coal waste from a Nottinghamshire colliery in the English Midlands was used throughout the work as the plant substrate. Decomposition of the organic waste produces ammonium ions which are adsorbed by the zeolitic tuff, and when the mixture is added to a plant substrate, oxidizing ammonium micro-organisms function and sponsor nitrification (Leggo et al.,2009). The resulting growth enhancement is exceptional as shown by the shoot dry weight of the plants harvested at maturity.
Keywords: Coal Waste, Organic Waste, Decomposition, Ammonium Ions, Zeolitic tuff; Micro-Organisms, Enhanced Growth
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